[1]高 楓,陳 薇,阿不都熱依木·阿不都克力木,等.2013~2018年烏魯木齊市猩紅熱流行病學特征分析[J].醫學信息,2019,(20):119-120.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2019.20.036]
 GAO Feng,CHEN Wei,Abudurehim·Abdukerim,et al.Epidemiological Characteristics of Scarlet Fever in Urumqi from 2013 to 2018[J].Medical Information,2019,(20):119-120.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2019.20.036]
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2013~2018年烏魯木齊市猩紅熱流行病學特征分析()
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醫學信息[ISSN:1006-1959/CN:61-1278/R]

卷:
期數:
2019年20期
頁碼:
119-120
欄目:
調查分析
出版日期:
2019-10-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Epidemiological Characteristics of Scarlet Fever in Urumqi from 2013 to 2018
文章編號:
1006-1959(2019)20-0119-02
作者:
高 楓陳 薇阿不都熱依木·阿不都克力木張凱倫
(烏魯木齊市疾病預防控制中心傳染病防制科,新疆 烏魯木齊 830026)
Author(s):
GAO FengCHEN WeiAbudurehim·AbdukerimZHANG Kai-lun
(Department of Infectious Disease Control,Urumqi Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Urumqi 830026,Xinjiang,China)
關鍵詞:
猩紅熱流行病學疫情防控
Keywords:
Scarlet feverEpidemiologyEpidemic prevention and control
分類號:
R515.1
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2019.20.036
文獻標志碼:
A
摘要:
目的 分析2013~2018年烏魯木齊市猩紅熱疫情流行病學特征和規律,為制定防控措施提供科學依據。方法 采用描述性流行病學方法對烏魯木齊市2013~2018年報告的猩紅熱病例進行分析。結果 2013~2018年烏魯木齊市共報告猩紅熱病例6471例,發病率為30.74/10萬。發病率排前三位的是天山區(37.26/10萬)、經濟開發區(34.11/10萬)和沙區(32.48/10萬)。發病高峰主要集中在5~6月份和11~12月份,發病年齡以3~8歲為主,發病人群主要以托幼機構兒童和小學生為主。結論 2013~2018年烏魯木齊市猩紅熱發病率呈周期性波動,其中5~6月份和11~12月份為發病高峰期,主要集中在中心城區,以3~8歲年齡段的托幼機構兒童和小學生為主。因此需加強學校和托幼機構疫情的監測和防控,防止疫情暴發流行。
Abstract:
Objective The epidemiological characteristics and laws of scarlet fever in Urumqi City from 2013 to 2018 were analyzed to provide a scientific basis for the development of prevention and control measures.Methods Descriptive epidemiological methods were used to analyze the cases of scarlet fever reported in Urumqi from 2013 to 2018.Results A total of 647,1 cases of scarlet fever were reported in Urumqi from 2013 to 2018, with an incidence rate of 30.74/100,000. The top three incidence rates are Tianshan District (37.26/100,000), Economic Development Zone (34.11/100,000) and Sandy Area (32.48/100,000). The peak incidence was mainly from May to June and from November to December. The age of onset was mainly from 3 to 8 years old. The main population was mainly children and primary school students.Conclusion The incidence of scarlet fever in Urumqi is cyclical from 2013 to 2018. The peak incidence period is from May to June and from November to December, mainly concentrated in the central urban area. Children and primary school students in the kindergartens of 3~8 years old Mainly. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the monitoring and prevention of epidemics in schools and child care institutions to prevent outbreaks.

參考文獻/References:

[1]廖如珺.猩紅熱流行病學研究概況及應用的統計分析方法[J].職業衛生與病傷,2017,32(2):98-103. [2]張琳.系統化健康教育對提高猩紅熱患兒家長疾病相關知識知曉率的影響[J].全科醫學臨床和教育,2016,14(5):597-598. [3]馬濤,洪鐳,林丹,等.2006-2015年南京市猩紅熱流行病學特征分析[J].中華衛生應急電子雜志,2016,2(4):223-229.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2019-10-15
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